How to Get Stronger: A Guide to Strength Training

Strength training is a crucial component of a well-rounded fitness regimen. It not only helps build muscle mass and bone density but also improves your body’s metabolic rate, which can aid in weight management. Whether you are a beginner or looking to ramp up your existing routine, here are the fundamentals to get stronger.

Start with the Basics

Before you jump into lifting heavy weights, understanding the basics of strength training is essential. Strength or resistance training involves exercises that improve muscular strength by working against resistance. This resistance can come from weights like dumbbells and barbells, resistance bands, or even your own body weight.

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Set Realistic Goals

Start by defining clear, achievable goals. Do you want to increase muscle mass, improve endurance, or enhance functional strength? Your goals will dictate your training protocol.

Master Proper Form

Good form is critical to prevent injuries and to target muscles correctly. Before you start a new exercise, learn the correct technique. Hiring a personal trainer, even if just for a session or two, can be a valuable investment to learn proper form.

Include Compound Movements

Compound exercises, such as squats, deadlifts, bench presses, pull-ups, and rows, work multiple muscle groups at once and are foundational to building strength. They should form the core of your strength training regimen.

Plan Your Routine

For beginners, a full-body workout performed two to three times per week is a good starting point. More experienced lifters may opt for a split routine, focusing on different muscle groups on different days.

Progressive Overload

The principle of progressive overload is key to getting stronger. This means gradually increasing the amount of resistance to continue challenging your muscles.

Increase Weights Gradually

Once you can perform the maximum recommended reps with ease, it’s time to increase the weight. Aim for a 2-5% increase to maintain steady progress.

Vary Your Rep Range

Playing with different rep ranges can stimulate muscle strength and growth effectively. Focus on ranges from 3-6 reps for pure strength gains, and 8-12 for hypertrophy, or muscle growth.

Manage Workout Volume and Intensity

Finding the right balance between workout volume (total reps and sets) and intensity (amount of weight) is crucial. Too much of either can lead to overtraining, which hinders progress.


Recovery is when the magic happens; it’s when your muscles rebuild and get stronger.

Rest Between Workouts

Allow at least 48 hours of rest for each muscle group before targeting it again to give muscles ample time to recover.

Get Adequate Sleep

Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night. During sleep, growth hormone levels rise, which aids in muscle recovery and growth.

Prioritise Nutrition

Nutrition supports muscle repair and growth. Ensure you consume enough protein alongside a balance of carbohydrates and fats to fuel your recovery.

Track Your Progress

Keep a training log to track weights, sets, reps, and any notes on how you felt during your workouts. This helps to ensure consistent progress and can be motivating to see how far you’ve come.

Regular Assessments

Every 4-6 weeks, reassess your progress. You may need to adjust your training plan based on your results.

Listen to Your Body

It’s essential to tune in to what your body is telling you. If you’re feeling unusually fatigued or experiencing pain (not to be confused with typical muscle soreness), it may be a sign that you need more rest or a modification in your routine.


Getting stronger is a gradual process that requires patience, persistence, and dedication. Establish a solid foundation with good form and technique, apply the principle of progressive overload, focus on recovery, and keep tracking for improvement. With these pillars, you’re set on a path to building a stronger, healthier body. Remember, strength training isn’t just about lifting weights; it’s about lifting yourself to newfound levels of health and confidence.

Arm yourself with determination, and soon enough, you’ll be enjoying the multitude of benefits that strength training brings. Happy lifting!